4.3 Evaluate the purpose of collective bargaining and how it works.

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Collective bargaining is the process by which employees negotiate contracts with their employers through their unions to improve working conditions such as benefits, compensation, vacation, working hours, safety, and health standards. Collective bargaining is the most effective method of resolving workplace disputes and raising workers’ wages. It enables union members to earn greater earnings, receive better benefits, and work in safer conditions than non-union employees.

Collective bargaining fosters employee-employer cooperation since it is the most effective way to preserve positive relations among co-workers, particularly during times of labour unrest. Collective bargaining empowers employees to safeguard their interests against employer exploitation, as it always imposes some constraints on employers. Due to the fact that all employees are treated equally, such collaboration with employers helps prevent unilateral action.

Collective bargaining, from a government perspective, precludes authorities from exercising force against the working class by establishing an acceptable agreement between employer and employee. Collective bargaining resolves labour disputes while promoting industrial peace without resorting to force. Thus, collective bargaining is one of the most effective means of resolving disputes between employers and employees in a peaceful manner, thereby promoting increased productivity and industrial peace. The basic objective of collective bargaining is to enhance the relationship between employees and management, hence guaranteeing industry stability.

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4.3 Evaluate the purpose of collective bargaining and how it works.

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